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Are Central Asian women guaranteed labour rights?

Photo: Flickr / UN Women

Although the instrument is there, there is a lack of regional bodies in charge of human rights in Central Asia. What are the consequences for women’s working rights?

06.06.2016 Av: Gulnur Moldobaeva (Kyrgyzstan) , Master programme "Theory and Practice of Human Rights" , University of Oslo

This article (you can download the article in the end of this text) is inspired by my work experience as a member of the Working Group for preparation of the NGO alternative report to the UN Convention on Elimination Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in Kyrgyzstan.

Gulnur Moldobaeva from Kyrgyzstan.

It is also motivated by my frustration of the lack of regional bodies in charge of human rights in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and Central Asia up to now. Especially since we have the international mechanisms of women’s rights protection and commitment to CEDAW. The CIS is also called the Russian Commonwealth and is a regional organization which was founded during the breakup of the Soviet Union. It consists of some former Soviet Republics (see map bellow).

No available capacities

At the same time there are no available capacities (e.g. available resources, institutional settings, etc.) for creation and effective functioning of the similar mechanisms such as the European Court on Human Rights, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, African Commission on Human and People´s Rights, in the Central Asia and within CIS.

For these reasons, the article focuses mainly on contested issues of applicability and non-applicability of regional human rights mechanisms for women’s rights protection and convention mechanism on women’s rights protection at the labour market in respect of Central Asian Countries. I concentrate mainly on the countries  Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

The CEDAW article 11

My article does not set a task to cover the whole international and national practice of Central Asian Countries at the labour market. Furthermore it does not make attempts to embrace all forms of women’s rights violations at the labour market. I have consider regional international mechanisms, examples of the national legislative framework for establishing guarantees for women’s rights, stipulated by the Article 11 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).

Read the whole article: Are Central Asian Women´s Rights Guaranteed at the labour market?   

Download the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Map of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) from WorldAtlas,  http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/cis.htm  (accessed 28/05/2016)